Pet Medical Conditions | Surrey Animal Hospital
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Pet Medical Conditions

If after perusing this section you don’t find the information you were looking for, please give us a call (604) 592-2181

When used properly, Veterinary medicine is essential and practical for many pet medical conditions. Below you will find a list of some of the most common conditions your pet may suffer from. Learn more about their causes, symptoms, treatment, and prevention.

If after perusing this section you don’t find the information you were looking for, please give us a call (604) 592-2181

Canine Parvovirus (CPV)

Canine Parvovirus (CPV) is a contagious disease attacking cells that rapidly reproduce. It can occur at any age but is ordinarily seen in puppies around 6 to 20 weeks old. There are two types of CPV, intestinal and cardiac. Intestinal CPV is most common and is distinguished by diarrhea, decreased appetite, vomiting, and weight loss. Cardiac CPV is usually only seen in very young puppies and attacks their heart muscles, typically resulting in death. Vaccination is extremely important and can help prevent Canine Parvovirus. Certain breeds, namely Doberman Pinschers and Rottweilers, are particularly susceptible to infection so extra caution should be taken.


CPV can be contracted directly or indirectly. Most dogs obtain the virus via fecal-oral contact. Heavy concentrations of Canine Parvovirus are excreted in an infected dog’s stools, so if a healthy dog sniffs or licks contaminated feces, it can contract the disease. Even indirect contact with fecal matter on an owner’s shoes can bring the disease into an environment. The virus is extremely resilient and can live in soil for up to one year, and it is resistant to weather changes and most cleaning products. If you suspect CPV to be present in your home, bleach is the only household disinfectant known to kill the virus. Should you bleach any surface your pet comes into contact with, be sure they are not present and do not ingest the bleach. Also, cats cannot contract parvovirus, but they can be carriers for it. If you have a household with multiple pets, it is important to be sure that one isn’t infecting another.

Possible symptoms of Canine Parvovirus:

  • Diarrhea (often containing blood)
  • Depression
  • Vomiting
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Coughing
  • Dry mouth
  • Lethargy

How is CPV diagnosed and treated?

Canine Parvovirus is diagnosed with a physical examination, biochemical tests, urine analysis, and X-rays and ultrasounds of the abdomen. When bringing your dog in for its exam, we might also ask for a brief history of the past few days’ activities and when you first noticed changes in your pet’s behavior.
CPV is a viral infection, and currently, there is no cure. Because the infection itself cannot be cured, treatment focuses on curing the symptoms it creates and preventing any secondary infection. Hospitalization is often necessary because of the frequentness and threatening nature of dehydration that is commonly associated with CPV. Most canines who face a life-threatening prognosis also suffer from dehydration. If it is not already occurring, the veterinarian might be able to prescribe medication that can lessen vomiting and reduce nausea, in an attempt to prevent dehydration. The survival rate for adult dogs diagnosed with Canine Parvovirus is high and is only slightly lower for puppies.
If you suspect your puppy has parvo do not wait to see your vet. Contact us at (604) 592-2181 to book an appointment. The sooner you bring in to be treated the better the outcome. Parvo can be very fatal.


Dental Care

What is it?

  • Periodontal diseases (infection between teeth and gums)
  • Gingivitis (inflammation of the gums)
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Gingival hyperplasia (gum growth covering part or all of the tooth)
  • Oral tumors
  • Tongue lesions


  • Daily plaque accumulation
  • Tartar (calculus) forms from plaque
  • Rough tartar accumulates more plaque
  • Bacteria growth between the teeth or from infected gums
  • Inherited
  • Failure of deciduous (baby) teeth to resorb, allowing adult tooth eruption

Clients common complaints:

  • Bad breath
  • Poor appetite
  • Dropping food when eating

Avoiding Dental Disease

  • Twice daily attention to plaque control
  • Regular dental examinations
  • Professional cleaning of plaque/calculus that has accumulated on the cheek teeth

Flea And Parasite Prevention

Just thinking of your pet being infested and covered with parasites is a disturbing thought but did you know that it is also a medical issue which can lead to some serious consequences if you don’t properly deal with it. Did you know you can prevent it? Parasites pose a variety of health issues for your pets. Pets are susceptible to certain parasites depending on their age, region they live in, and other factors.


The Veterinarian team here at Surrey Animal Hospital emphasize the importance of preventing parasites. We are prepared to train you that through preventative measures, which we will help you with, you can successfully protect your pet. Buts the pets that are not protected often develop parasites, leading to serious health issues and problems for them and their owners.

The cost of prevention is minimal compared to the cost you spend on treatment, which can be expensive and not to mention very stressful for your pet. Parasites like heartworm can be fatal causing the death of our pet, so preventing parasites is very important. You can contact us to discuss preventative measures and we will be glad to help you out.


Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV)

At Surrey Animal Hospital kittens and cats are just as welcomed and important as dogs. We strive to make sure cat owners understand vaccinations for their cats and why they are important. One disease we aim to prevent is Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV).


Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is comparable to AIDS in humans and is often found simultaneously occurring in cats with feline leukemia virus (FeLV). Similar to AIDS, FIV is present in blood, cerebrospinal fluid, and saliva. The most common transmission of the virus is through a cat fight or during pregnancy as an infected mother passes it to her offspring. In very rare cases, a cat may contract FIV through saliva. Feline immunodeficiency virus is a slowly progressing virus and cannot survive outside its host.

FIV is species-specific, meaning it cannot be acquired from another species, nor can it be passed to another species; it only occurs within cats. Male cats are almost twice as likely to acquire feline immunodeficiency virus, reflecting their propensity to roam as well as quarrel with other cats.

Common illnesses that may occur simultaneously:

  • Diarrhea
  • Eye disease
  • Fever
  • Neurological problems
  • Pneumonia
  • Sinus infection
  • Skin disease
  • Swollen lymph nodes

Diagnosing and treating FIV

The veterinarian can diagnose feline immunodeficiency virus using a blood test that can detect specific antibodies within the bloodstream. Likely, a second test will be performed called a Western Blot Test to confirm the diagnosis.
After a positive diagnosis is established, there is not much that can be done by means of treatment. Treatment is focused on keeping the cat indoors and away from other cats, preventing the pet from contracting secondary illness and acquiring any sort of infection. FIV-positive cats are capable of living somewhat normal lives when kept in good health and when FIV is detected in earlier stages.

Currently there is a non-core vaccine available for FIV; however, there is controversy surrounding the vaccine due to the fact that inoculated cats test positive with FIV because current FIV antibody tests cannot distinguish between the disease and the vaccination antibodies. Be sure to inform your veterinarian if your cat has obtained the FIV vaccine.


Pet Vaccinations

You want to do what’s best for your pets but don’t know what this all involves so you trust your veterinarian team to help you. One of the most important aspects of caring for your pet’s health is vaccinating them against potential diseases. There are a variety of diseases that can affect your pets. To avoid these diseases following proper vaccination protocol is vital in protecting them.


It is very important to consult with one of your veterinarian team members about the unique risks of living in your specific area and your lifestyle. We will be happy to discuss the benefits of protecting your pet with vaccinations, as well, provide you with the information and educate you on the required vaccinations for your pet.

Our goal at Surrey Animal Hospital is to provide the highest level of care for your pet, and vaccinations is an integral part of your pet’s overall health. Please contact us at (604) 592 2181 today if you have any further questions or concerns about your pet’s vaccinations.


Spay & Neuter Home Care

Your appointment is booked and you have entrusted us to spay or neuter your pet and all is taken care of correct? In-correct!

There is so much more to just booking the appointment and dropping off for the spay or neuter procedure for your pet. A surgery is only successful if the after care is done properly.


After any spay or neuter your pet must wear a cone for 10-14 days. This is very important to ensure that they don’t lick the surgical incision. If they lick the incision they could cause an infection or irritation which could lead to the need for antibiotics. We always encourage our clients at Surrey Animal Hospital to always keep their pets cone on even if they feel sorry for them or if their pet looks sad.

Next important thing to remember after a spay or neuter or any surgery that involves sedation is to limit the pets food and water the first night. We always recommend to give ONLY half of their normal diet and small amounts of water and start their regular diet routine back the next day. Sometimes after sedation if an animal drinks or eats too much they will vomit from side effect of the sedation. Clients sometimes rush to the emergency clinic thinking something has gone wrong with the surgery and this is not the case. This is from eating and drinking too much after surgery.

Third important thing to remember after a spay or neuter is to avoid rough activity and limit jumping. This will prevent the incision from opening or becoming swollen especially in large breed males. Make sure to always check the incision to ensure there is no pus or discharge or smell coming from it. If you do notice these signs please return to us or contact us at (604) 592-2181.

Last but not least we give a 10-14 day follow up FREE after all surgeries not just our spays and neuters. So book an appointment with the veterinarian to let him see how things are going after surgery.